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Perspectives on cardiac physiological ontogeny in crustaceans.

TitlePerspectives on cardiac physiological ontogeny in crustaceans.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsReiber CL, Harper S
JournalZoology (Jena)
Date Published2001

Crustacean embryonic and larval systems offer a unique and valuable tool for furthering our understanding of both developmental processes and physiological regulatory mechanisms. The diverse array of developmental patterns exhibited by crustaceans allows species choice to be based on the specific questions being investigated, where defined larval forms are chosen based on their developmental pattern, degree of maturation or regulatory capabilities. However, this great diversity in developmental patterns, as well as crustacean diversity, can also confound ones ability to define or identify species for investigation. These issues are addressed and suggestions put forth to clarify some of the problems. The complexity and overlapping nature of adult cardio-regulatory systems makes teasing them apart difficult. Embryonic and larval systems exhibit varying degrees of regulatory complexity depending on developmental stage and ontogenetic pattern. This can allow complex adult regulatory systems to be teased apart temporally, as the developing animal builds regulatory pathways. Equally important is the nature of crustacean larvae; many undergo dramatic metamorphoses in cases where the larvae have adaptations to environments different to those of the adult. During environmental transitions physiological adaptations to immediate change should take precedence over long-term adult adaptations. It is therefore possible to look at physiological responses as a function of developmental/environmental adaptation, independent of adult functions.

Alternate JournalZoology (Jena)
PubMed ID16351824

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